Parks Canada

These two books are considered the most important, most complete and most authoritative books about Québec City's Fortified Wall:

  • Military History of Québec City, 1608-2008, by: Serge Bernier, Jacques Castonguay, André Charbonneau, Yvon Desloges and Larry Ostola. Montréal (Québec, Canada), Art Global, 2008; 352 pages. (The Parks Canada Agency cooperated to its publication by Art Global, together with: National Defence Canada and Public Works and Government Services Canada.)
  • Québec, the Fortified City: From the 17th to the 19th Century, by: André Charbonneau, Yvon Desloges and Marc Lafrance. Ottawa (Ontario, Canada), Éditions du Pélican and Parks Canada, 1982; 491 pages. (Available from the Canadian Government Publishing Centre.)

These brochures and pamphlet offer excellent summaries on their different subjects:

  • The Fortifications of Québec (Brochure). Québec City (Québec, Canada) and Ottawa (Ontario, Canada), Éditions Continuité and Parks Canada, 1998; 26 pages.
  • Québec, a Fortified City: Geological and Historical Heritage, Discovery Tour (Brochure). Québec City (Québec, Canada), Natural Resources Canada and Parks Canada, © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2008; 18 pages in English. (Also: 18 pages in French.)
  • Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux, National Historic Site of Canada (Pamphlet). Québec City (Québec, Canada), Parks Canada, 2005; 4 pages in English. (Also: 4 pages in French.)
  • Artillery Park (Brochure), by Martin Guay. Québec City (Québec, Canada) and Ottawa (Ontario, Canada), Éditions Continuité and Parks Canada, 1999; 26 pages.

This 40-page extensive document offers an in-depth analysis of the geological history of the Québec City area and of the impact of that geological history on Québec City's Fortified Wall:

  • Québec, Fortified City: Geological and Historical Heritage, Fieldtrip Guidebook (Document). Québec City (Québec, Canada), Natural Resources Canada/Geoscape Québec, Parks Canada/Unité de gestion de Québec and Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS)/Centre « Eau, Terre et Environnement » (ETE), 2005; 40 pages.

Other References

  • "Québec at 400", in The Beaver, Canada's History Magazine (February – March 2008), Special Edition/Special Collector's Issue about "Québec City's 400th Anniversary". Winnipeg (Manitoba, Canada), Canada's National History Society, 2008; 100 pages. ("How four centuries of triumph and tragedy shaped the cradle of French North America.")
  • Le Château Frontenac : "Cent ans de vie de château" (Book in French), by France Gagnon Pratte and Éric Etter. Québec City (Québec, Canada) and Ottawa (Ontario, Canada), Éditions Continuité, 1993; viii +102 pages. (Published for the 100th anniversary of Château Frontenac.)
  • Québec, La Belle Province (Book in English and French). Montréal (Québec, Canada), Éditions Phidal, Inc., 1999; 128 pages. (Beautiful photos of Québec City and the whole Province of Québec.)
  • Québec, ma ville, mon 400e, Québec 1608-2008 (Book in French). Québec City (Québec, Canada), Service des communications, 2009; 160 pages. (Book published specifically to commemorate the celebrations of Québec City's 400th anniversary, in 2008.)
  • Brève histoire du Québec (Book in French), by Jean Hamelin and Jean Provencher. Montréal (Québec, Canada), Éditions du Boréal Express, 1987 (5e édition); 134 pages. (Brief history of the Province of Québec.)


  • Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition. Springfield (Massachusetts), Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2005; 40a + 1,624 pages. (An Encyclopædia Britannica Company)
  • Canadian Oxford Dictionary, second Edition. Don Mills (Ontario, Canada), Oxford University Press Canada, 2004; xx + 1,830 pages. (Official Dictionary of the Canadian Press)
  • Dictionnaire québécois d'aujourd'hui, Le Robert (French Dictionary from Québec). Montréal (Québec, Canada), DICOROBERT, Inc., 1993 (2e édition) ; xxxviii + 343 + lxiii pages.